Our Patron Saint

  • Born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto on 2 June 1835, at Riese, Venice. He was ordained in 1858 and combined his pastoral work with the wish to perfect his knowledge of theology, by assiduously studying Saint Thomas Aquinas, and Canon Law.

     


     

    On 10 November 1884, he was named Bishop of Mantua and consecrated on 20 November. His chief care in his new position was for the formation of the clergy at the seminary, where, for several years, he himself taught dogmatic theology, and for another year moral theology. Leo XIII created him a cardinal and Patriarch of Venice in 1893 where, again, he paid great attention to the seminary, where he obtained the establishment of the Faculty of Canon Law.

    After the death of Pope Leo XIII, Giuseppe Sarto was elected Pope on 4 August by a 55 (of a possible 60) votes. His coronation took place on the following Sunday, 9 August 1903.

    His greatest care always turned to the direct interests of the Church, particularly the promotion of piety among the faithful: He advised all to receive Holy Communion frequently and, if possible, daily, dispensing the sick from the obligation of fasting to the extent of enabling them to receive Holy Communion twice each month. In 1910 he recommended that the first Communion of children should not be deferred too long after they had reached the age of discretion.

    In 1903, a Motu Proprio was issued on sacred music in churches, and at the same time ordered the authentic Gregorian Chant to be used everywhere.

    On various occasions, Pius X pointed out the dangers of certain new theological methods, which, based upon Agnosticism and upon Immanentism, necessarily divest the doctrine of the faith of its teachings of objective, absolute, and immutable truth, and all the more, when those methods are associated with subversive criticism of the Holy Scriptures and of the origins of Christianity. In 1907, he caused the publication of the Decree "Lamentabili Sane" (called also the Syllabus of Pius X).

    On 08 September 1907, the Encyclical "Pascendi Dominici Gregis", expounded and condemned the system of Modernism, particularly in relation to philosophy, apologetics, exegesis, history, liturgy, and discipline.

    The need to codify Canon Law had been felt for some time. On 19 March 1904, Pius X created a special congregation of eminent authorities throughout the world to reorganize the laws of the Church which had developed over hundreds of years. The work of this commission led to the publication of the Code of Canon Law ("Codex iuris canonici") by Benedict XV on 27 May 1917.

    The Pope died of natural causes, aggravated by worries over the beginning of World War I, on 20 August 1914.

    He was canonized in 1954 by Pope Pius XII who delivered the allocution "Si Diligis" on 31 May 1954.

    His feast is observed on 03 September in the Traditional Calendar. His relics are venerated at Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome.

    Adapted from Benigni, U (1911) "Pope Pius X" in The Catholic Encyclopaedia, Volume XII, Robert Appleton Company, New York.


    Prayer to Saint Pius X

    Glorious Pope of the Eucharist, Saint Pius X, you sought "to resore all things in Christ." Obtain for me a true love of Jesus so that I may live only for Him. Help me to acquire a lively fervor and a sincere will to strive for sanctity of life, and that I may avail myself of the riches of the Holy Eucharist in sacrifice and sacrament. By your love for Mary, mother and queen of all, inflame my heart with tender devotion to her.

    Blessed model of the priesthood, obtain for us holy, dedicated priests, and increase vocations to the religious life. Dispel confusion and hatred and anxiety, and incline our hearts to peace and concord. so that all nations will place themselves under the sweet reign of Christ. Amen.

    Saint Pius X, pray for me.